Papyrus


Papyrus
    The writing material 'papyrus' was made from the plant Cyperuspapyrus L.; this industry was a royal monopoly in Egypt. However, when Egyptologists refer to 'Papyrus X', this describes a named or numbered document, inscribed on papyrus, which is held in a particular museum or other collection.
    The plant itself, with its green and vigorous growth, was regarded as a sacred symbol of rebirth and renewal. It was also used as a material for boat-building, ropes, sandals, mats and baskets.
    Medical Papyrus: a document which usually preserves various medical diagnoses and treatments as well as a series of magical formulae designed to cure the sick. Twelve major medical papyri have so far been discovered, but it is probable that many more existed.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
* * *
   Plural papyri. An aquatic plant found in the swamps of ancient Egypt but is now extinct in that country. The name derives from Greek and probably ancient Egyptian. The pith of the plant was cut into strips and joined using its natural adhesive properties to form sheets that were never more than 50 centimeters high. The sheets could be glued together to form rolls or cut down to form smaller writing surfaces. Papyrus became the standard medium of written communication in ancient Egypt, and many examples of literary, religious, and documentary uses survive. The earliest uninscribed example dates to Dynasty 1. Papyrus was later used outside of Egypt throughout the ancient world before the invention of paper.
   See also Literature; Wisdom Literature.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Synonyms:
(Papyrus antiquorum)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Papyrus — Papyrus …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Papyrus — (IPA|/pəˈpaɪrəs/) (Rhymes: )is a thick paper like material produced from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus , a wetland sedge that was once abundant in the Nile Delta of Egypt. Papyrus usually grow 2–3 meters (5–9 ft) tall. Papyrus is …   Wikipedia

  • papyrus — [ papirys ] n. m. • 1562; mot lat., du gr.→ papier 1 ♦ Plante des bords du Nil (cypéracées), à grosse tige nue (renfermant une moelle comparable à celle du sureau) qui servait à fabriquer des objets de vannerie et surtout des feuilles pour écrire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Papyrus — (pl. Papyri) war der wichtigste Beschreibstoff des Altertums. Vor allem in der Antike erfüllte Papyrus eine ähnliche Funktion wie unser heutiges Papier. Er wurde in verschiedenen Qualitäten gehandelt, wobei die billigste meist als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Papyrus — Papyrus, papyrusplanten, Cyperus Papyrus, fandt i oldtiden mangfoldig anvendelse i Ægypten og var en af landets vigtigste frembringelser. Marven tjente til føde, såvel kogt som rå. Toppen med blomsterdusken sattes ofte i de buketter eller kranse …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Papyrus 75 — Le Papyrus 75 (P75, Papyrus Bodmer XIV XV) est un papyrus du Nouveau Testament. Il contient environ la moitié du texte de deux évangiles[1] : L Évangile selon Luc (Papyrus Bodmer XIV …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Papyrus — (Вилья Карлос Пас,Аргентина) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: San Roque 237, 5152 Вилья Кар …   Каталог отелей

  • Papyrus — Pa*py rus, n.; pl. {Papyri}. [L., fr. Gr. pa pyros. See {Paper}.] 1. (Bot.) A tall rushlike plant ({Cyperus Papyrus}) of the Sedge family, formerly growing in Egypt, and now found in Abyssinia, Syria, Sicily, etc. The stem is triangular and about …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • PAPYRUS — a charta differt: materies namque fuit, ex qua charta, quod circa Alexandri M. aetatem primum repertum quibusdam, fieret. Necilli chartae datum nomen, nisi cum Epistolis salutatricibus inserviret. Est enim χάρτης Graecum a χαίρειν, gaudere,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • papyrus —    papyrus plantAn ancestor to modern papers, see thumbnail to rightpapyrus was used especially by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. A papyrus can also be a document or drawing produced on papyrus. The plural form of the word is papyri.… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • papyrus — [pə pī′rəs] n. pl. papyri [pə pī′rī΄] or papyruses [ME papirus < L papyrus < Gr papyros, prob. < Coptic paparo < ? Egypt pʾ n pr ʿʾ, that of the pharaoh] 1. a tall water plant (Cyperus papyrus) of the sedge family, abundant in the… …   English World dictionary